Coal Mining, Kentucky Geological Survey, University of Kentucky - How Is Coal Mined? | Bravus Mining & Resources
Surface mining is often used when coal is less than 200 feet underground. In surface mining, large machines remove the topsoil and layers of rock known as overburden to expose coal seams. Mountaintop removal is a form of surface mining where the tops of mountains are dynamited and removed to access coal seams.Here are some steps for how to become a coal miner: 1. Fulfill basic requirements. Coal miners don't usually need any advanced education, but they do need to fulfill some basic qualifications for their position. You must be at least 18 years old to become a coal miner and have a high school diploma or GED.